Feet that are swollen including the ankles are regular symptoms for several individuals. This uncomfortable condition is typical as a result of prolonged walking or standing, pregnancy, or wearing uncomfortable shoes. However, in some situations, puffy ankles and feet are an indication of more severe health problems, which should not be ignored. Below is a more detailed look at the underlying health issues which could result in the ankles and feet being swollen.
In the event that swollen ankles and feet are a result of wearing uncomfortable shoes. Or standing for prolonged periods, it is easily treatable with home remedies, by simply raising the legs up and getting enough rest. In the event that the symptoms do not appear to vanish subsequent to a long rest, or if the individual suspects a more severe health problem is the underlying factor. An appointment should be immediately scheduled with the primary health care provider.
Veins Might Be Blocked
When the venous system is functioning efficiently, the valves in the veins do not allow the blood to pool down into the legs. As individuals continue to get older, the valves have a tendency of performing with less efficiency. Plus, individuals might retain the blood in their feet. Another vein-associated issue is deep vein thrombosis which could result in the swelling of the legs.
Blood clots obstruct the return of blood from the feet to the heart, keeping the blood down in the legs. Without treatment, this situation might get dangerous, as blood clots could move through the body if they become loose. A pulmonary embolism can be the result if the moving blood clot reaches the lungs. Or even result in an ischemic stroke in the event that they block an artery that supplies the brain with blood.
Heart Might Be Working Improperly
Swelling of the legs or edema as it is referred to might be a result of heart failure as well. When the heart does not have adequate pumping power, it falls short of pushing the blood from the feet to the upper section of the body. Leaky heart valves might be one of the forms of heart failure which results in the ankles and feet puffing up. Be especially careful if the individual recognizes any other signs of heart disease which could involve shortness of breath, fatigue, and chest pain.
Might Have Kidney Disease
One of the chief functions of the kidneys is eliminating the additional fluid in the body. When the kidneys are unable to accomplish this function, additional sodium and fluid become idle in the body and result in swelling. This condition might be a result of urinary infections which cause damage to the kidney’s drainage system, for instance, pyelonephritis. Edema as a result of kidney failure normally happens in the legs and around the eyes.
Might Be Issues With The Liver
Besides the other functions, the liver manufactures a protein known as albumin. This protein allows the fluid in the bloodstream and does not allow it to seep out into any issues. Several diseases of the liver might reduce the level of albumin found in the blood. It also results in the fluid passing from the bloodstream to the tissues in the body. In this situation, swelling might not only happen in the ankles and feet, however, in other sections of the body as well.
Lymphatic System Might Fail To Drain Bodily Fluids
Lymphatic vessels in company with blood vessels transport nutrients and oxygen to organs and tissues and eliminate carbon dioxide and waste. When lymphatic vessels become obstructed and are unsuccessful in performing their function of draining, this might cause an abnormal buildup of fluid known as lymphedema. This could happen because of cancer treatment, radiation, trauma, surgery, infections, and other factors.
Medications Might Be Unsuitable
Very regularly, ankles and feet being swollen might be a side effect of the medicines the individual may be taking. These medicines consist of oral steroids, oral contraceptives, NSAIDs, and others. If the legs are swollen, attempt to figure out what might be associated with consuming the specific medication.