At some point in life, everyone takes the path of periods of deep grief and sadness. These feelings typically dissipate within a few days, maybe sometimes weeks, all depending on the situation. However, profound sadness which lasts in excess of two weeks and impacts the individual’s ability to operate effectively might be an indicator of depression.
The typical symptoms of depression include the inability to focus, lack of energy, changes in sleep patterns, and changes in appetite. It also includes feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness, dark moods, deep feelings of sadness, and withdrawal from friends. Furthermore, difficulty getting through normal activities and preoccupation with thoughts of self-harm and death are also typical symptoms.
Depression impacts everyone on a different level and might only have some of the symptoms aforementioned. Individuals might also have other symptoms which might not even be listed. Bear in mind, it is also normal to have symptoms such as these and yet not suffer from depression. However, once they begin to affect daily life, they might be the result of depression. There are several types of depression. Even though they share several common symptoms, they also have several key differences.
This form of depression is also referred to as unipolar depression, classic depression, or major depressive disorder. It is quite common as roughly 16.2 million individuals within the United States have suffered from a minimum of one major depressive episode. Individuals with major depression normally suffer from the symptoms every day for the majority of the day.
Similar to several other mental health conditions, it has very little to do with what is going on around the individual. The individual could have their dream job, plenty of supportive friends, and a loving family. The individual might have the sort of life that many others would carve and still suffer from depression. Although there might not be an obvious cause for the depression, this does not signify that it is not real. Or that the individual could simply tough it out.
Persistent depressive disorder is a form of depression that could linger for in excess of two years. It is typically referred to as chronic depression or dysthymia. This form might not have the intense feeling as major depression would; however, it could still make day-to-day tasks difficult and place a strain on relationships. Even though it is a long-term form of depression, the symptom’s severity could become less intense as the months pass and then worse again.
Several individuals also suffer episodes of major depression prior to or during their persistent depressive disorder. Known to the medical fraternity as double depression. Chronic depression lasts for years, therefore individuals that suffer from it might begin to think that their symptoms are simply part of their normal life.
Bipolar depression is also called manic depression, which is not classified as outdated and consists of episodes of hypomania and mania. Hypomania is considered to be a less severe type of mania. This is where the individual feels extremely happy, then quickly transforms into periods of depression. For an individual to be diagnosed with bipolar I disorder, they would have to suffer from episodes of mania that lasts for one week.
Or this could be reduced to less than seven days if the individual is required to be hospitalized. Individuals might suffer from a depressive episode prior to subsequent to the manic episode. Indicators of a manic episode include feeling elated or euphoric, grandiose thinking, irritability, high energy, and risky, unusual, and destructive behavior. In more severe situations, the episodes could be accompanied by delusions and hallucinations. There is also the possibility of having both symptoms of depression and mania during mixed episodes.
Several individuals that suffer from major depression also experience episodes where they disconnect from reality. This is referred to as psychosis, which is typically accompanied by delusions and hallucinations. An individual that suffers from both of these simultaneously is diagnosed with major depressive disorder with psychotic features. However, there are still those that diagnose this as psychotic depression or depressive psychosis.
Hallucinations are described as when individuals feel, taste, smell, or hear things that are not actually there. For example, if the individual reported hearing voices or seeing individuals that are not present. Delusions are closely held beliefs that just do not make sense or are undoubtedly false. However, to an individual that is suffering from psychosis, all of the things are very true and real. Depression with psychosis could lead to physical symptoms. These could include slowed physical movements or issues with sitting quietly or still.
This form of depression is also referred to as seasonal affective disorder. It is clinically referred to as a major depressive disorder accompanied by seasonal patterns. Depression is associated with specific seasons. For the majority of individuals, it has a tendency to occur during the season of winter. Symptoms typically start during the fall months, as days become shorter, and then it continues through the winter months.
This form of depression might become worse as the season progresses and could result in thoughts of suicide. Improvement is typically seen in the individual once the spring season rolls in. This might be associated with changes in the rhythms of the body as a response to the increased natural light.
This form of depression is clinically referred to as adjustment disorder with accompanied depressed moods. In many aspects, it appears to resemble major depression. However, it is brought on by certain situations or events, like becoming unemployed or facing severe financial troubles and the death of a loved one. Everyone understands that it is normal to feel anxious and sad during occasions like these. However, situational depression occurs when these feelings begin to feel out of sync with the occasions that trigger it, interfering with day-to-day life.