What Causes Joint Pain

Causes of Sudden Joint Pain

Joints make the connections to your bones. They give support and help you walk. Any loss in the joints from injury or disease can hinder your movement and cause a lot of pain. Different situations can lead to aching joints, including rheumatoid arthritis, strains, osteoarthritis, Bursitis, gout, injuries, and other sprains. Joint pain is widespread. In a national survey, approximately one-third of adults reported feeling joint pain in the past 30 days. 

Knee pain is the most frequent complaint, followed by hip pain and shoulder, but joint pain can modify the body’s part, starting from the ankles and feet to the hands and shoulders. As you become older, painful joints are frequently becoming more common.

Joint pain can range from moderately irritating or debilitating. It could go away a few weeks later or last for numerous months or weeks. Even temporary swelling and pain in the joints will affect the quality of life. Whatever is the reason for joint pain, you could usually maintain it with physical therapy, remedy, or alternative treatments.


The most frequent cause of joint pain includes arthritis. Two primary forms of arthritis include rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). According to the College of Rheumatology, OA is well-known in adults above the age of 40. It will progress gradually and leads to affect commonly utilized joints like the:

    • hands
    • knees
    • hips
    • wrists

Due to OA, joint pain will result from a division of the cartilage, which serves as a shock absorber and cushion for the joints. Another kind of arthritis is RA. From the view of the Arthritis Foundation, RA has affected almost 1.5 million Americans, and it affects women more usually than men. RA can debilitate and deform the joints with time. It causes pain, inflammation, and a buildup of fluid in the joints as the body’s immune system targets the membrane layering the joints.

Other Causes

Joint pain causes can be:

    • lupus
    • bursitis, or inflammation of the cushioning pads around joints
    • gout
    • osteoporosis
    • certain infectious diseases, like influenza, mumps, and hepatitis chondromalacia of the patella, or a breakdown of the cartilage in the kneecap
    • an injury
    • an infection of the bone or joint
    • rickets
    • cancer
    • overuse of a joint
    • fibromyalgia
    • tendinitis, or inflammation of the tendon
    • sarcoidosis

In many cases, the reason for pain arising within various joints is arthritis. The disorders that result in arthritis can vary in particular tendencies, like:

    • Whether the main part of your skeleton, like the pelvis or spine, is typically associated
    • Which and how many joints they normally involve
    • If the arthritis is acute or chronic

Acute arthritis attacking multiple joints is often because of

    • The start of a joint disorder or a flare-up of the existent chronic joint condition like psoriatic arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. 
    • Calcium pyrophosphate arthritis (gout), earlier called pseudogout.
    • Viral infection

Less frequent causes of acute arthritis in multiple joints involve Lyme disease; this may also affect any single joint, bacterial infections and gonorrhea, and reactive arthritis, which means that it develops following the infection in the digestive tract, urinary tract, and gout.

Chronic arthritis attacking multiple joints is often due to

    • The noninflammatory disorder osteoarthritis (in adults)
    • Inflammatory disorders like psoriatic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus (in adults), or rheumatoid arthritis.
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (in children)

Many chronic inflammatory disorders affect the limbs, spine, and joints, known as peripheral joints. Some affect several parts of the spine often. For instance, ankylosing spondylitis usually affects the lumbar (lower) part of your spine; on the other hand, rheumatoid arthritis typically attacks the cervical (upper) spine in your neck.

The most prevalent disorders outside your joints causing pain near the joints are

    • Bursitis or tendinitis
    • Polymyalgia rheumatica
    • Fibromyalgia

Tendinitis and Bursitis often rise from injury, commonly affecting any single joint. Still, several disorders result in tendinitis or Bursitis in various joints.

Non-Arthritis Causes

Numerous circumstances can cause joint pain without any relation to an inflammatory process or underlying disease inside the joint.


The predominant traits of fibromyalgia, a chronic pain disease, are nerve-related pain, broad muscle tenderness, cognitive dysfunction dubbed fibro fog, and crippling fatigue. People that suffer from this illness experience joint pains and, also, some swelling in the joints. However, doctors usually don’t see any severe inflammation on inflammatory markers through blood tests.

The strain of fibromyalgia is linked to dysfunction inside the nervous system as well as hypersensitivity within nerves. Instead of being associated with specific body areas, fibromyalgia pain can move around from one place to another.


Hemarthrosis can occur when there is bleeding in any joint. It can be because of many reasons, including a bleeding disorder like hemophilia, trauma, tumor growth, or a post-surgical complication.


The common cause of Hypothyroidism, which is an underactive thyroid gland, is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. When the body’s immune system originates the attack on the thyroid, Hypothyroidism can cause various symptoms, such as:

    • Constipation
    • Fatigue
    • Weight gain
    • Stiffness
    • Joint aches
    • Cold intolerance


You will be shocked to discover that unexplained pains and aches, like joint pain, are among the main physical manifestations of depression. Other general signs of distress include sleep disturbances, no interest in favorite activities, change in appetite, feelings of hopelessness, difficulty concentrating, and guilt.

Final Word

The treatment options will depend upon the reason for your pain. In some instances, the doctor will have to remove the accumulated fluid present in the joint area to examine for gout, infection, or different joint pain causes. They can also suggest surgery for joint replacement. 

Pain means your body is telling you that something is not right. Joint pain is specifically difficult to ignore, but it serves as a warning of the value of visiting the doctor for a thorough checkup. The positive news here is, once you identify the cause, the doctor will be able to identify and undertake the source problem so that you will live and feel your best.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.